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Translated from Sanskrit, Nanga Parbat means «naked mountain». It is also known as Diamir, «King of the mountains», and is located in the Pakistani part of the controversial region Kashmir in the Himalayas. It is 8125 m high. The Nanga Parbat is therefore the ninth highest mountain on earth.
It took a long time before the Tyrolean Hermann Buhl first climbed the Nanga Parbat on July 3rd, 1953. In the 1930s several German expeditions failed in their attempt to conquer the peak. More than a dozen of the best German mountaineers lost their lives during their attempt. Consequently, Nazi Propaganda stylized the Nanga Parbat as the «Fateful Mountain of the Germans».
In 1970 the South Tyrolean brothers Günther and Reinhold Messner were the first to ascend the South Rupal Face which, with its approx. 4500 m, is the highest mountain face on earth. From the summit they descended on the west side. Therefore, they succeeded in achieving the first traverse of the Nanga Parbat and the second traverse of an eightthousander ever. During this descent a tragedy occurred, in which Günther Messner lost his life.